El Chichon

Background Facts

      El Chichon first erupted at 270 A.D. It always had a 500 to 600 year pattern of eruptions, but up until March 28, 1982, when the volcano was though to be extinct, it erupted out of nowhere. El Chichon's most famous eruptions were from March 28 to April 4, it erupted 3 times, killing more than 2000 people. The explosion covered about one-quarter of the earth's surface, and the darkness of the stars reduced about 40%; the debris covered about 10% of the sun's radiation; it released large quantities of sulfur dioxide aerolos into the atmosphere; the temperatures of the Northern Hemisphere. This was the greatest volcanic threat after Mt. St. Helens.  The eruption also cause a 300 meter crater to form.

    El Chichon is the most southern and Eastern volcano in Mexico, and is about 3,721 ft. high. It is a strato volcano. There are many domes in the volcano, but the largest dome, is within a 1.6 x 2 kilometer summit crater, created about 220,000 years ago. The way El Chichon affected the atmosphere was still seen about 22 months after the eruption, and maybe even still seen today.  

Disaster Facts

    That was probably the main question asked by the spectators and the people who survived. Well, more than 2,000 people died. Animals and other creatures probably got hurt and died also. Those who did survive went through poverty, most likely. Their homes were destroyed and covered in lava from the eruption. Hundreds went with no food or shelter. The plants and herbs got burned.